高层建筑的发展阶段

法兰克福从20世纪50年代到今天的高层建築规划的发展可以分成以下几个階段来說明:

50年代和60年代的德国经济快速成长,法兰克福城市规划的发展也刚好在这时迅速发展。 Stöber研究调查及其领导的讨论成为了1962年地铁网络规划的起点。根据H. Kampfmayer博士和Erhard Weiss博士的文章“How high Frankfurt wants”以及对于1968年“Finger Plan”所提出的私人投资的建议,Stöber以及1964年至1966年鹿特丹van den Broek和Bakema办公室的城市发展项目的制定,导致了1966年前后大众对高层建筑的热情和兴趣日益增加。

From on-the-ground speculation and the resulting partial expulsion of the residential population in city supplementary areas, there is considerable resistance in the population against the excesses of growth. This is accompanied by the economic and oil crisis at the beginning of the 1970s, which culminated in the plans of the city council decided by the Magistrate in 1972 and other subsequently developed plans. These plans walk a fine line, with the aim of breaking the speculation that has begun, so as to calm the population and regain their trust in the city.

After a large percentage of former high-rise buildings were built in the banking district and the present face of Frankfurt determined, the metropolitan character and leadership demand of Frankfurt also became increasingly visible through its towers. This led to a mood change in the population regarding high-rise buildings, and instead of devaluing nicknames (“Krankfurt”), more fun-loving names (“Mainhattan”) came up.

Forecasts of office space requirements and market developments, all the framework plans from 1983 onwards and a new urban self-confidence, are now redefining the claims of Frankfurt as a metropolis. The history of urban development in terms of high-rise buildings can be seen in the respective framework and development plans:

Framework plans are merely recommendations

An urban planning framework is an informal planning tool to explore development potentials in a city or district, to present a rough outline for its potential future use. It is not legally binding, and is subject to a standardised procedure. The planning scale is arranged between the land use and development planning, and is thus usually used as an intermediary. The contents of the plan – both text and plan images – serve to simplify the representation of future urban planning and development possibilities.

Urban framework plans are often drawn up in order to achieve concrete usage results for competition procedures, or to protect certain urban areas (for example, protection of the property or its use). Public suggestions are particularly helpful.

The framework plan is mentioned, among other things, in the preparation of the restructuring under special urban planning law (140 BauGB). Under § 140, no. 4 of the German Civil Code (BauGB), the framework planning is mentioned as an instrument alongside land planning use.

The framework plans presented here focus particularly on the development of high-rise buildings in Frankfurt’s inner city.

继续: